Articulation is a complex process that includes precise movements and coordination of the articulators (jaw, lips, tongue, teeth, palate, cheeks, voice box) to produce a clear message. When the message is clear the speech is considered intelligible. When the message is not clear, it is considered unintelligible and can impact your ability to communicate your wants and needs.
Articulation errors are common when children first begin to speak. Most children will outgrow these errors, as it is the normal process for developing their speech. Research suggests that approximately 90% of children acquire sounds by the ages indicated above. When a child exhibits errors in speech beyond what is considered "developmental," the child may require intervention by a speech-language pathologist (SLP). The SLP will evaluate the types of errors and decide what intervention plan is appropriateL
Language development is a much more complex process compared to speech acquisition. Children who receive language intervention, may participate in speech-language therapy for a longer period of time to acquire the skills need to be successful in their academic endeavors.
Below is information obtained from the American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA) in regard to speech and language development during the elementary years.
Choose a grade level to learn about common developmental milestones and school expectations for children at that level: